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Méthodes et outils pour l'innovation produit/process

Abstract : It is now a well-established fact that the design process of a product is complex and takes place within conflicting contexts consisting of technical, economical, organisational and social aspects. Today, the generation of innovative products and processes is a key issue for companies' development and competitiveness. However, experience in practice highlights the difficulties and the weaknesses of the cooperation processes during the early design phases, especially when a new concept or an idea is proposed for consideration. During these early phases, exploring new alternatives (new technical concepts or technologies) can prove to be very difficult and off-putting as the actors find themselves devoid of knowledge in some areas and tend to remain faithful to traditional solutions that are already recognised to be stable and reliable. At this time, the goal is to legitimise the proposed idea but also to organize (and to invent) the necessary management processes in order to prepare the launch of the future project. In this context of early design phases, actors discuss the new ideas, drafts of solutions and exchange preliminary information that may be partially validated, incomplete, uncertain and ambiguous or even risky. Cooperation processes are quite unstructured and the confrontation of the different actors' points of view leads to informal exchanges. However they sometimes lead to the construction of official project development plans. Indeed, at the same time the work carried out during these phases widely determines the success of some of the innovative projects. The complexity of theses phases allied to the complexity of the organisation and the changing environment (strategic, economical, technical, social) gives them a particular status as a research topic where we find interwoven problems of organisation, sociological aspects, IT (Information Technology) tools implementation, knowledge, skills and practices.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00662411
Contributor : Jérémy Legardeur <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 24, 2012 - 9:59:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 4:56:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, November 19, 2012 - 2:21:16 PM

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Jérémy Legardeur. Méthodes et outils pour l'innovation produit/process. Mécanique [physics.med-ph]. Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble - INPG, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00662411⟩

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