L'utopie du logiciel libre. La construction de projets de transformation sociale en lien avec le mouvement du free software.

Abstract : The social significance acquired by free software has led to the constitution of a utopia, which is part of contemporary political imaginaries. Its scope now reaches far beyond the sociocultural environment where it was born (the hacker world) : the principles of open source have appealed to many, free software supporters have linked to activists defending other types of " commons ", and some critical theorists have shown deep interest for free software since the end of the 1990's. This utopia builds on the free flow of information ideal embraced by cybernetics, and shows deep criticism of the neoliberal vision of intellectual property as of the work organisations characteristic of industrial capitalism. It is a " concrete utopia " (E. Bloch), involving practices of online collaboration, original legal tools, and different types of activism. It conveys an ideal of social self-organisation, and thus emphasizes the development of a sphere of activities independent both from the market and from the state. It is however condemned to fall short of its ideal, and is always threatened by the seductiveness of myth and by the renunciations proper to ideology.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 23, 2012 - 4:15:04 PM
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Sebastien Broca. L'utopie du logiciel libre. La construction de projets de transformation sociale en lien avec le mouvement du free software.. Sociologie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00662283⟩

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