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Theses

Modélisation électrothermique, commande et dimensionnement d’un système de stockage d’énergie par supercondensateurs avec prise en compte de son vieillissement : application à la récupération de l’énergie de freinage d’un trolleybus

Abstract : The studies presented in this thesis concern the thermal modeling, sizing and control of a stack composed of supercapacitors and DC/DC converter that feeds the auxiliaries or traction motors of the trolleybus in the case of electrical microcuts. In the first part, we were interested in the sizing of the storage system for an application concerning the recovering braking energy of a trolleybus. Direct and inverse models of the kinematic chain were studied in order to define a design strategy based on the Ragon. The second part concerns the reliability of the storage system. The aim is to evaluate the stresses on supercapacitors during cycling and to predict the aging of the components. Toachieve this goal, we have developed and validated an electrothermal model of the stack. This model was then coupled to aging laws allowing taking into account the major parametric variation of the system. The results show the impact of the dispersion of temperatures inside the stack on the life time of each supercapacitors in the storage system. Finally, the control of the static converter (Buck/Boost converter) combined with supercapacitors is analyzed. A theoretical study was conducted to synthesize PI and sliding mode controller applied to a boost converter. This control laws has been validated on a test bench consisting of a reversible converter, a DC power supply, a resistive load and eight supercapacitors. The experimental results show the advantage of sliding mode control in terms of robustness and reactivity compared to a classical PI control.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00662051
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Submitted on : Friday, April 5, 2013 - 4:47:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 1, 2020 - 2:44:12 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00662051, version 2

Citation

Alaa Hijazi. Modélisation électrothermique, commande et dimensionnement d’un système de stockage d’énergie par supercondensateurs avec prise en compte de son vieillissement : application à la récupération de l’énergie de freinage d’un trolleybus. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10352⟩. ⟨tel-00662051v2⟩

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