Abstract : Economic activities have forms and degrees of dependency variables to the environment. The environment can act as a factor of production as a constraint to the use of certain inputs, such as a constraint for some inputs. Dependence may be related to the availability or quality of certain environmental resources. It will explore the implications of different forms of dependencies bio-physico-chemical as well as legal. In the case of the Arcachon Bay oyster-farming will examine the forms of dependence and economic measure, through the economic impacts associated with the variable availability of living marine resources but also to the natural productivity of the environment. The analysis of socio-economic characteristics of Arcachon Bay oyster-farms will develop a typology of the latter and thus characterize the activity. A production function approach will be used to highlight the varying degrees of sensitivity to changes in environmental conditions of production while the evaluation by the hedonic price method will determine the implicit price of environmental components of the oyster leases value taking into account also the geographical location of oyster leases.