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Transfert de polluants au sein d'un ouvrage de traitement des eaux issues du ruissellement urbain - Mise au point d'un procédé de traitement complémentaire

Abstract : The objective of this work is to evaluate the heavy metal transfer into an urban stormwater treatment device and to develop a treatment process which would allow improving the treatment of these waters. The scientific approach consisted first to characterize the metal loads forwarded into a retention pond receiving stormwater runoff coming from a highway and to evaluate the transfer of this metal pollution to the surrounding vegetation. The results of this preliminary study demonstrated: (1) a heavy metal transfer (Cd, Ni and Zn) from the water and soil compartments to the aquatic macrophytes present on the studied site, (2) the capacity of these macrophytes to accumulate metal pollutants into their tissues and (3) the bioindicator value of these macrophytes for biomonitoring of stormwater metal pollution. Regarding the capacity of plants to accumulate metals, especially in their roots, a phytoremediation process called floating treatment wetlands was proposed to improve urban stormwater quality. The treatment performances of these systems were evaluated through a microcosm experiment and the technical feasibility for implanting such floating systems directly on the surface of existing ponds was also evaluated. The results showed that floating treatment wetlands can be operated on the surface of retention pond provided that the material chosen for the construction of these systems are well adapted to environmental conditions. The results also brought to light the efficiency of floating treatment wetlands for metal uptake from water as well as the importance of the root system on pollutant retention and the filtration of fine suspended particles. Finally, this study showed that floating treatment wetlands can be considered as sustainable treatment systems that need low maintenance.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00661633
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Submitted on : Friday, January 20, 2012 - 11:18:35 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00661633, version 1

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Séverine Ladislas. Transfert de polluants au sein d'un ouvrage de traitement des eaux issues du ruissellement urbain - Mise au point d'un procédé de traitement complémentaire. Génie des procédés. Ecole des Mines de Nantes, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011EMNA0012⟩. ⟨tel-00661633⟩

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