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Vers la modélisation grand échelle d'environnements urbains à partir d'images

Abstract : The main goal of this thesis is to develop innovative and practicaltools for the reconstruction of buildings from images. The typical input to our workis a set of facade images, building footprints, and coarse 3d models reconstructedfrom aerial images. The main steps include the calibration of the photographs,the registration with the coarse 3d model, the recovery of depth and sematicinformation, and the refinement of the coarse 3d model.To achieve this goal, we use computer vision, pattern recognition and computergraphics techniques. Contributions in this approach are presented on two parts.In the first part, we focused on multiple view reconstruction techniques withthe aim to automatically recover the depth information of facades from a setof uncalibrated photographs. First, we use structure from motion techniques toautomatically calibrate the set of photographs. Then, we propose techniques for theregistration of the sparse reconstruction to a coarse 3d model. Finally, we proposean accelerated multi-view stereo and voxel coloring framework using graphicshardware to produce a textured 3d mesh of a scene from a set of calibrated images.The second part is dedicated to single view reconstruction and its aim is to recoverthe semantic structure of a facade from an ortho-rectified image. The novelty ofthis approach is the use of a stochastic grammar describing an architectural style asa model for facade reconstruction. we combine bottom-up detection with top-downproposals to optimize the facade structure using the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 1, 2012 - 2:11:54 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00661101, version 1


Oussama Moslah. Vers la modélisation grand échelle d'environnements urbains à partir d'images. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition [cs.CV]. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2011. English. ⟨tel-00661101⟩



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