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Theses

L'analyse du développement de l'agriculture en Mauritanie

Abstract : Mauritania is characterized by a dry climate and hot Sahara to the north and Sahelian to the south. Winds dominated ortheast, are frequent and promote the progression of silting. The rainy season is very heterogeneous in the spatio-temporal plane. Much of the country receives less than 300 mm / year. During the last thirty years, three major droughts were recorded during which rainfall was less than 35 to 70% on average. The main agro-pastoral resources of the country are: Agriculture, Land resources, the breeding, Water Resources, The rural population. At the macroeconomic level, the rural sector, apart from small-scale fisheries, occupies about 56% of the population and plays an important role in the national economy and contributes more than 17.5% to the GDP, or about 68 billion of Ouguiyas in 2011. Numerous constraints, challenges and opportunities can be identified : 1) In terms of constraints, may have included: inadequate and erratic rainfall and flood inundation, the low productivity of agricultural and pastoral production, the rural exodus. 2) In terms of opportunities: discentralization, the location of the country, the land resources of the country, an entrepreneurial class with a financial capacity, the communications network. This Phd Thesis shows that Mauritania has a significant potential that is far from being fully exploited, despite significant investments, particularly in the irrigated sector. Although climatic factors have a major responsibility the current situation, this thesis evaluates the weight of technical, socio-economic, structural, organizational factors.
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Sidi Ould Mohamed Lemine. L'analyse du développement de l'agriculture en Mauritanie. Economies et finances. Université du Maine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LEMA2002⟩. ⟨tel-00661010⟩

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