L'influence de la prescription sur le développement professionnel des professeurs des écoles débutants

Abstract : The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of how trainee teachers are influenced by the prescriptions of their employing Ministry and their training institute during the first year of their teacher training. Teacher activity is considered as work. This approach uses the epistemological paradigm of ergonomic psychology which allows us to infer the meaning of the subject's activity when he/she is under the influence of prescription. This interpretation can be established from what the subject states about his/her activity. In order to carry out this study, a cohort of 15 trainees was monitored throughout the 2005-2006 school year. These trainees took part -either individually or collectively - in about 10 interviews which were recorded. The way they talked about and analysed their training enabled us to pinpoint the numerous connections they establish between the information they receive, the beliefs they develop, and the competencies they consider they have acquired as a result of working in the classroom.By analysing this corpus, we were able to show that the professional development of newly-qualified teachers is influenced both by a process of pragmatization and by a process of idealization of the prescriptions coming from their ministry and from their training institute. The way these trainees progress depends on the varying impact of these two influences. The prescriptions, which all of them judge to be ideal, are retained by some PE2 in order to categorize the situations they encounter during their placements. Thus, they gradually build up an operational representation of the teacher's task. However others reduce/limit these prescriptions, at least for a while, making do with a prescription which is specific to each different situation they encounter, so that they construct a pragmatic representation of the teacher's task
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Education. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010CLF20008>


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Marc Daguzon. L'influence de la prescription sur le développement professionnel des professeurs des écoles débutants. Education. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010CLF20008>. <tel-00660841>

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