La Méditerrannée, lieu d'échanges de mots : L'exemple des mots de marine. XIIIe-XVIIe siècles

Abstract : Between the XIIIth century and the XVIIth century, a specific nautical vocabulary is building, vocabulary of Levant navy of the different from Ponant one used in the Atlantic. This vocabulary come from the travel, in all the Mediterranean space, of the words in the time, from Indo-European, Latin and Greek languages. This exchanges allow all languages Mediterranean learn from each other. Travel stories in Jerusalem constitute an important source because they are drafted by men who never have seen previously sea and who live their first experience of sailing; they have to learn everything to be able to transmit their experience to their readers. The Mediterranean linguistic crossbreeding is the fact of the sailors who transmit to the traders and to the travelers who cross the Mediterranean Sea. The writers-travelers tell their navigation by showing their feelings, by expressing their admiration for the new spectacles which they discover. As sea is an unknown element, it very often generates fear. The sailing time is a necessary and rewarding event. The constitution of a specific vocabulary shows that beyond wars, corsairs, perils of sea, the men spoke to each other, built together the necessary tools to name things, it means understand its and understand each other.
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Marie Françoise Bouret-Bérenger. La Méditerrannée, lieu d'échanges de mots : L'exemple des mots de marine. XIIIe-XVIIe siècles. Linguistique. Université de Toulon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011TOUL3001⟩. ⟨tel-00660781⟩

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