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Caractérisation de fonction non photosynthétique pour les thioredoxine plastidiales chez Arabidopsis thaliana

Abstract : Thioredoxins are ubiquitous thiol-disulfide oxidoreductases on target proteins. In Arabidopsis, many TRX isoforms are found, especially in plastids where 10 isoforms are found and subdivided into five types (f, m, x, y and z type).The f-type TRX is known for decades as a regulator of photosynthetic metabolism, but proteomics and genetics indicate that these proteins might regulate many non photosynthetic metabolic pathways, such as the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (OPPP).In this work, I have examined in vitro the redox regulation of OPPP dehydrogenases by plastidial TRX, the OPPP being a major source of reducing power (as NADPH) in non-photosynthesizing conditions. Biochemical studies were reproduced in a reconstituted ferredoxin / TRX system, allowing to propose a new function for f-type TRX isoforms co-ordinating both reductive (Calvin cycle) and oxidative pentose phosphate pathways. Biochemical and biophysical approaches revealed several modifications of catalytic and structural properties accompanying the redox regulation of G6PDH1, the first dehydrogenase of the OPPP.In vivo studies, using reverse genetics were developed, to analyse the possible role of y-type TRX in the control of root G6PDH activity and germination physiology. Seeds of y-type TRX mutants display an altered behaviour in dormancy and aging. The possible role of y-type TRX in the control of seed germination through their antioxidant function is discussed.
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Guillaume Née. Caractérisation de fonction non photosynthétique pour les thioredoxine plastidiales chez Arabidopsis thaliana. Sciences agricoles. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112334⟩. ⟨tel-00660656⟩

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