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Theses

Étude de la variabilité des Supernovae de type Ia observées par la collaboration Nearby Supernova Factory

Abstract : One of the current limitations of type Ia supernovae used as distance indicators is themixing of their different sources of variabilitiy during the empirical standardization of their distance modulus. Using the nearby SNe Ia spectral sample observed by the Nearby Supernovae Collaboration with the instrument SNIFS (Supernovae Intergral Field Sperctrograph), this thesis mainly focuses on this problematic using spectral indicators measurements. The first part of the thesis presents the scientific context as well as the sample used in the analysis. The second part focus on the spectral indicators measurement and their properties in the presence of interstellar dust extinction. The third part is a study of spectral indicators correlations and their use as standardization parameters. In the last part, we use these spectral indicators to construct a mean extinction law for type Ia supernovae
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Nicolas Chotard. Étude de la variabilité des Supernovae de type Ia observées par la collaboration Nearby Supernova Factory. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10180⟩. ⟨tel-00660289v2⟩

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