Le travail psychique de victime : essai de psycho-victimologie

Abstract : The aim of this research is to theorise a clinical practice aiming to change developed within a public hospital consultation service users who have been victimised and suffer from psychotrauma. This practice has been conceived in response to intra-psychical obstacles presented by these subjects. Our line of thought drove us from trauma to post-trauma, from post-traumatism to reality testing this may represent for these subjects, and from the latter to "the intra-psychical work of victim" and then to psycho-victimal support. This intellectual trajectory holds its grounds from what appeared as the multiplicity of uses and definitions of the concept of trauma this was evidenced as we have recounted its history and pinpointed its anthropological grounds with what the author named "victimity". Referring to reality testing developed by S. Freud regarding the process of grief, we have highlighted the principles of a specific intrapsychical work required by this crossing of extreme life- events, "The intra-psychical work of the victim". This will be conceived based on four key dilemmas referring to questions of responsibility and guilt provoked by the event. The failure to solve these dilemmas will allow us to elicit a differentiated set of problematic victimal positions. These will be organised within a typology illustrated by clinical vignettes drawn out of clinical practice. Finally what the author conceptualized as "psycho-victimological guidance" will be articulated. The approach pinpoints key tenets of psychological support under transference required by the singularity of this population's positions. Detailed excerpts will illustrate the practice proposed
Document type :
Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2011. Français. <NNT : 2011REN20043>

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  • HAL Id : tel-00658758, version 1



Pascal Pignol. Le travail psychique de victime : essai de psycho-victimologie. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2011. Français. <NNT : 2011REN20043>. <tel-00658758>




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