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Les politiques de développement à l'épreuve de la territorialisation. Changements et stabilités dans une situation de décolonisation négociée, la province Nord de la Nouvelle-Calédonie

Abstract : Territorial development policies have multiplied both the spaces for governance and the number of actors involved in the process of policy making. This increase raises the question of the patterns of interaction between these actors and of the effects of these interactions on public policy making. Providing a link between geography and political science, this thesis proposes a theoretical framework inspired by Foucault in order to highlight the interactions between actors from different governance territories in the process of public policy making. This framework is used to explain the process observed in the Northern Province of New-Caledonia. Since 1989, New-Caledonia has been divided into three Provinces, among which the North Province, led by a pro-independence movement. Starting in 1992, territorial development programs called OGAF (Grouped Operations for Land Planning, adapted from France) have been implemented in the municipalities of the provincial territory. This policy arrangement is supported by a local association made up of provincial actors on the one hand; and on the other hand by local committees promoting the participation of a great number of actors in development policies. After an experimentation period, OGAF has now become a central instrument in provincial policy development. By analysing discourses and practices, the dissertation examines the multilevel interactions that occurred around the OGAF program. The research highlights the fact that this policy arrangement is used in various ways by actors, according to their life paths, the mental representation they have about development, and their interests. At the provincial level, interactions between experts and provincial councilors about the OGAF instrument's transfer show a construction of discursive alliances and a reciprocal instrumentalisation. Local use of OGAF highlights the fact that the involvement of new actors in the program is moderate. Members of local committees tend to be enrolled in accordance with political party strategies. The research then focuses on the effects that opening the local committees to new actors has, through the characterisation of changes in the discourses and practices of the actors. The thesis demonstrates that a bottom-up discursive coalition is build, which permits to legitimate the institutionalisation of the territorial development instrument among provincial policies. Finally, an analysis of recent programs shows that provincial politicians and executives of the provincial administration are using the OGAF program as a way to reinforce control on the eastern part of the provincial territory.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00656107
Contributor : Séverine Bouard <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 4, 2012 - 11:34:34 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 9:52:15 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 5, 2012 - 2:26:41 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00656107, version 2

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Séverine Bouard. Les politiques de développement à l'épreuve de la territorialisation. Changements et stabilités dans une situation de décolonisation négociée, la province Nord de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Géographie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00656107v2⟩

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