Vers une phénoménologie des inscriptions numériques. Dynamique de l'activité et des structures informationnelles dans les systèmes d'interprétation.

Yannick Prié 1
1 SILEX - Supporting Interaction and Learning by Experience
LIRIS - Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information
Abstract : In the first chapter we first study the notion of inscription of knowledge as proposed by Bruno Bachimont. As we consider it is not sufficiently tied with human action and activity as considered by "post-cognitivist" theories, we propose to consider the notion of informational structures (structures informationnelles). Informational structures are digital inscriptions of knowledge that are actually manipulated by subjects during their computer-mediated activity, they can be canonical (explicitely manipulated by the system) or non canonical (but as such, they can become canonical if reified). The notion of informational structure is useful to study how digital inscriptions and activity are interwoven at different analysis levels, it is associated to the notion of information space that users enact during their activities, and enables to study at the individual level what could be called a phenomenology of digital inscriptions. In the second chapter of the document, we focus on explicit information spaces that users enact during knowledge work, and detail the notions of interpretation systems within which inscriptions of knowledge circulate. We present our work on video active reading and the Advene project. In the third chapter, we propose to define traces as inscriptions that are used during an activity as signs of the past, and we discuss the notion of interpretation systems that are dedicated to traces. We present our work on such systems, along firest the Musette (Modelling Users and Tasks to Traces Experience) approach and then the mTBS (Modelled Trace-Based systems) approach.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00655574
Contributor : Yannick Prié <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 30, 2011 - 9:54:29 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 9, 2019 - 10:10:18 AM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, November 19, 2012 - 12:00:25 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00655574, version 1

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Yannick Prié. Vers une phénoménologie des inscriptions numériques. Dynamique de l'activité et des structures informationnelles dans les systèmes d'interprétation.. Interface homme-machine [cs.HC]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. ⟨tel-00655574⟩

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