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Synthèse asymétrique de spiroacétals : vers la broussonétine H

Abstract : Spiroketal pattern appears in the skeleton of many natural products exhibiting various biological activities, and several synthetic routes to it have been reporting. Contrarily, spiroaminal moiety, its nitrogen analogue, has been less studied. The first of our objectives consisted to develop the most general enantioselective synthetic pathway to this framework. The adopted strategy is based on a key step acid-catalysed spirocyclisation of aminohydroxyketones, resulting from the sequential alkylation of acetone N,N-dimethylhydrazone by various iodide derivatives. If targeted spiroaminals could not be obtained, these polyfunctionalized ketones permit an efficient access to original spiroketals skeletons like 1,6-dioxaspiro [4.6] undecanes and 1,7-dioxaspiro [5.6] dodecanes. In a second part, we focused on the total synthesis of broussonetine H, a natural spiroketal possessing powerful inhibitory activities against β-glycosidases. Its elaboration was envisaged through the coupling between two key fragments : the 2-ethynyl-1,7-dioxaspiro [5.5] undecane and an iminocyclitol substitued by an epoxide. The synthesis of these two compounds was realized in few steps with good overall yelds.Their coupling led to a protected form of broussonetine H. The final deprotection step remains to be optimized to allow the final isolation of the natural product.
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Anthony Gabriel André Ollivier. Synthèse asymétrique de spiroacétals : vers la broussonétine H. Autre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011CLF22109⟩. ⟨tel-00653357⟩

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