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Contribution d'un modèle 3D de tracé de rayons dans un milieu complexe pour la localisation de sources infrasonores

Abstract : Localisation of infrasound sources is a difficult task due to large propagation distances at stake and because of the atmospheric complexity. In order to resolve this problem, one can seek as many necessary information as the comprehension of wave propagation, the role and influence of the atmosphere and its spatio-temporal variations, the knowledge of sources and detection parameters, but also the configuration of the stations and their global spreading. Two methods based on the construction of propagation tables depending on station, date and time are introduced. Those tables require a long range propagation tool to simulate the propagation through a complex medium, which are carried out by WASP-3D Sph a 3D paraxial ray tracing based-theory tool integrating both amplitude estimation and horizontal wind fields in space and time. Tables are centred on the receptor. They describe spatial variations of the main observation parameters and offer a snapshot of the atmospheric propagation depending on the range for every simulated phase. For each path, celerity, azimuth deviation, attenuation and return altitude are predicted and allow building the tables. The latter help to identify detected phases and are integrated in an accurate localization procedure. The procedure is tested on three case study, such as the explosion of gas-pipeline in Belgium 2004 near Ghislenghien, the explosion of a military facility in 2007 in Novaky, Slovakia and the explosion of the Buncefield oil depot in 2005 in the United Kingdom, where event specificities, propagation parameters and used configurations are introduced. The accuracy and optimization of the localization are discussed. A validation study is presented regarding International Monitoring System stations along a meridian - I18DK (Greenland, Denmark), I51UK (Bermuda, United Kingdom), I25FR (Guyane, France), I08BO (La Paz, Bolivia), I01AR (Paso Flores, Argentina), I02AR (Ushuaia, Argentina), I54US (Antarctica, U.S.A.) - to evaluate spatial, seasonal and daily variations for various atmospheric models.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 19, 2011 - 10:55:10 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - 10:20:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00653258, version 1

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Pierrick Mialle. Contribution d'un modèle 3D de tracé de rayons dans un milieu complexe pour la localisation de sources infrasonores. Géophysique [physics.geo-ph]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00653258⟩

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