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La petite école des deux cités : genèse et contribution du mouvement des Écoles du Dimanche au développement de l'éducation populaire en France de 1814 à 1902 un modèle d'éducation " pan-anthropique "

Abstract : Though contemporary historiography is quasi-unanimous, referring to the French Revolution and to Condorcet's Rapport sur l'instruction to establish the birth of (French) education of the masses, according to Mallinson Sunday Schools (SdS) are the 'true beginning of public education, open to all children without discrimination'. To what degree may we speak of the SdS as educational pioneers in the 19th century in France ? How can we explain their absence from classical historiography? What cartography of thought and value trends may one sketch from the promoters of this movement ?
Founded on archival sources (manuscripts, minutes of general assemblies, periodicals, memoires, commemorative medals, iconographic documents...) of SdS leaders (A. de Staël, Ph-A Stapfer, F. Guizot, L. Cadoret, F. Monod, J-P Cook, M. Lelièvre), according to an a posteriorist approach, and a hermeneutical method, but also based on statistics, this dissertation shows the educational results of the 'Protestant-Orthodox' current marked by the 'theology of Revival' and characterized by the Dooyeweerdian paradigm: 'creation-fall-atonement'. The 'pan-anthropic method is founded on the anthropology and the pedagogical triangle of the Comenusian Gauthey. For this former pastor of Pestalozzi, education involves the body, the spirit, the heart and the soul of man and aims to 'give all of his faculties the highest degree of development of which they are capable'. This School of the Two Cities, which articulates without dualism the City of men and of God, is the first branch of a trellis, forerunner of the SEIPPF, and of various school types : ragged, missionary, Thursday, day-care, vacation...
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00652678
Contributor : Anne Ruolt <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 16, 2011 - 9:13:07 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:58:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, March 17, 2012 - 2:31:37 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00652678, version 1

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Anne Ruolt. La petite école des deux cités : genèse et contribution du mouvement des Écoles du Dimanche au développement de l'éducation populaire en France de 1814 à 1902 un modèle d'éducation " pan-anthropique ". Education. Université de Rouen, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00652678⟩

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