Préconditionnement de méthodes de décomposition de domaine pour les problèmes de diffraction d'ondes électromagnétiques impliquant une cavité profonde

Abstract : This work is dedicated to the numerical solution of the tridimensional harmonic Maxwell equations, using domain decomposition methods coupling integral equations between them. To deal with scattering problems, integral equations methods are a precious tool. They allow to look for the electromagnetic field by parameterizing it with a source only defined on the boundary of the scattering object, solution of a new linear equation (the integral equation). For applications at high frequency, the great number of unknowns forces the use of iterative methods. To accelerate the solution of integral equations, one moreover has to ensure the good condition number of the linear systems, or to propose well-suited preconditioners. An efficient method, the GCSIE, was developed in Onera. It is an intrinsically well-conditioned integral equation whose condition number remains stable whith the frequency increase. However, the existence of large and resonant cavities (such as air intakes) deteriorates the condition number. In order to circumvent this problem, we propose two domain decomposition methods (DDM) allowing to decouple the exterior problem from the problem of the cavities. The first one (Y-DDM) is based on Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators Y, which are built through the solution of metallic problems using integral equations in each subdomain. The second one (S-DDM) is based on scattering operators S, built through the solution of problems of metallic-impedant type, which are well-posed at any frequency. The S-DDM allows to avoid the resonance phenomena inside the cavities. First, we propose an analytic preconditioner for the Y-DDM, based on the electromagnetic single layer operator. We then calculate the modes guided along an artificial infinite cylinder, that is tangent to the cavity near the interface. We diagonalize the Dirichlet-to-Neumann and scattering operators in the basis of the traces of the guided modes on the interface. We deduce from this study two spectral preconditioners for the Y-DDM and the S-DDM. The numerical results confirm the efficiency of the employed preconditioners.
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Jennifer Bourguignon-Mirebeau. Préconditionnement de méthodes de décomposition de domaine pour les problèmes de diffraction d'ondes électromagnétiques impliquant une cavité profonde. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112303⟩. ⟨tel-00651957⟩

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