Une reconstruction de l'espace-temps : approche croisée des processus de patrimonialisation et de territorialisation dans les territoires ruraux en France et aux Maroc.

Abstract : Positioned in the social geographic field this study deals with the logical processes and methods of the heritage process in rural territories. He raised the hypothesis that the main actors are launching simultaneously heritage and territorial processes to rebuild a long-term territoriality. By giving to the space a temporal dimension and to the time a spatial influence, this new match rebuilds a new space-time conception, allowing societies to reconsider and to re-appropriate their own state to the world. This study is based on four different parts. Relying on the patrimonial and territorial concepts the first part establishes the general theoretical aspect by highlighting the fact that the space and time link is not self explanatory and is far to be obvious. This thesis ends with the formalization of systems based on historicity and geographicity, capable of translating these differentiated societal fundamentals. Then the second part analyzes this functioning around two sites : “the Chauvet cave” and “the viaduct of Millau” that disclose identical but inverse heritage processes. The practical details of construction of these two objects show that heritage process and territorialization cannot be dissociate and mutually support each other. This also highlights the fact that the construction of the object is associated with a valorization that interferes with a strict non valuable interpretation. That's why the third part is based on the notion of territorial resource. It shows, from a renewed definition that the territorial resource allow to overtake the classical oppositions, object/ subject and valuable/ non valuable, inoperating in the case of heritage. From there the horizon of mobilization of these dynamics, the sustainable development, is questionned and this conceptual formalization is criticized. Then, heritage process becomes a place of construction for a controlled territorial sustainability. The Fourth part demonstrates this, relying on the analysis of the pour-match heritage/territory implemented by the Public policies for development within differentiated cultural context, the french “Pôles d'Excellence Rurale” et the morocco “Pôles d'Economie du Patrimoine”. Lastly that leads up to conclude to the necessity to reconsider the sustainable development according to a pragmatic and non normative approach, the only one capable of following actual dynamics of reappropriation of time and space. Finally, in a societal context influenced by important concerns in terms of durability, this thesis brings a completely new thinking on the contemporary interactions between heritage and territories, testing their functioning in distinctive connections to the modernity.
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Nicolas Senil. Une reconstruction de l'espace-temps : approche croisée des processus de patrimonialisation et de territorialisation dans les territoires ruraux en France et aux Maroc.. Science politique. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENH009⟩. ⟨tel-00651901⟩

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