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Autour des représentations modulo p des groupes réductifs p-adiques de rang 1

Abstract : Let p be a prime number. This thesis is a contribution to the theory of mod p representations of p-adic reductive groups, which was until now mainly focused on the general linear group GL(n) defined over a non-archimedean local field F complete with respect to a discrete valuation and with finite residue class field of characteristic p. Our work is original as it deals with other groups : we indeed look for a classification of isomorphism classes of modulo p representations of groups formed by the F-points of a connected reductive group defined, quasi-split and of semi-simple rank 1 over F. A special place is devoted to the special linear group SL(2) and to the unramified quasi-split unitary group. In these two cases, we prove that the isomorphism classes of irreducible smooth representations over an algebraically closed field of characteristic p split into two families : supersingular and non-supersingular representations. We give a complete description of non-supersingular representations and prove that supersingularity is equivalent to the notion of supercuspidality that appears in the complex theory. We also make explicit the supersingular representations of SL(2,Q_{p}), what allows us to define a mod p semi-simple local Langlands correspondence that is compatible to the one built by Breuil for GL(2).We then generalize the methods used above to classify the isomorphism classes of non-supercuspidal representations of G(F) for G a connected reductive group which is defined, quasi-split and of semi-simple rank 1 over F. This classification is made up of three pairwise disjoint families : characters, representations of the principal series, and representations of the special series.We finally come back to SL(2) as we give an exhaustive classification of isomorphism classes of simple right modules on the pro-p-Iwahori-Hecke algebra H of SL(2,F). It implies that the map sending a smooth mod p representation of SL(2,F) on its vector space of invariants vectors under the action of the pro-p-Iwahori subgroup induces a bijection between non-supersingular irreducible smooth representations of SL(2,F) and non-supersingular simple right H-modules. This bijection extends to supersingular objects when F = Q_{p}, what is the first step in the search for an equivalence of categories similar to the one built by Ollivier in the setting of mod p representations of GL(2, Q_{p}).
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Submitted on : Monday, December 12, 2011 - 5:12:28 PM
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Ramla Abdellatif. Autour des représentations modulo p des groupes réductifs p-adiques de rang 1. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112276⟩. ⟨tel-00651063⟩



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