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Conception de catalyseurs d'oxydation non métalliques utilisant l'oxygène de l'air

Abstract : N-Hydroxytetraphenylphthalimide (NHTPPI) exhibits a better catalytic activity than N-hydroxyphtalimide (NHPI) in the aerobic oxidation of organic substrates. Two new routes to functionalized analogs of NHTPPI have been studied. The first one involves a Diels-Alder reaction between polyaromatic thiophene oxides or dioxides and maleimide or maleic anhydrid. Several limitations make this approach difficult to generalize. In the second approach, the key step is a cycloaddition between tetracyclones or acecyclones and 2-bromomaleimide to directly give the phthalimide framework by decarbonylation and deshydrobromation of the Diels-Alder adduct. This versatile and efficient methodology allowed us to introduce various functional groups on the aromatic cycles borne by the central ring, and thus, new NHTPPI analogs, along with N-hydroxydiarylacenaphthophtalimides, were obtained in only three to five steps. Axial chirality was underlined in the diarylacenaphtophtalimide family and resolution of enantiomers was carried out in one case, which opens a way to new chiral analogs of NHPI. The new N-hydroxyimides exhibit excellent performances as catalysts in aerobic oxidation, superior to NHPI and, in some cases, to NHTPPI.
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Rémi Vanel. Conception de catalyseurs d'oxydation non métalliques utilisant l'oxygène de l'air. Sciences agricoles. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENV058⟩. ⟨tel-00650134⟩

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