Entre textes parisiens et réalités locales : l'administration départementale du Jura (1790-1793)

Abstract : New administration in new territorial bounds and under a new regime, the departmental administration that is taking place in the Jura in 1790 faces local imperfections of the system established by the National Constituent Assembly. Inspired by both the old regime and revolutionary innovations, the elected administrators and the clerks manage to build a framework and relations with other powers appropriate to the tasks assigned to them. The early years (1790-1792) are an opportunity to compare the Parisian texts and the principles to local realities. As moderate men, the administrators encourage pragmatism and reconciliation to ensure public order and social peace, while developing greater autonomy from the authorities in Paris. However, the complementary or contradictory influences of local circumstances and events, first of all the establishment of the Republic and personal rivalries, open the mind of the administrators to national issues as well as local ones. This is this construction of a political consciousness on the concept of service of the State that explains how and why the administrators of Jura turn aside from strict administrative limits to political revolt, during the "federalist" movement (1792-1793). Individually and collectively, the first administrators, members of the local gentry, take advantage of opportunities arising from the Revolution to acculturate and train themselves to administrative and political issues at the departmental level, but also strengthen their place in local politics, obvious link between the old and the new regime.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 7, 2011 - 6:48:20 PM
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Aline Bouchard. Entre textes parisiens et réalités locales : l'administration départementale du Jura (1790-1793). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA010570⟩. ⟨tel-00649397⟩

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