Statistiques d'extrêmes d'interfaces en croissance

Abstract : An interface is an area of space that separates two regions having different physical properties. Most interfaces in nature are the result of a growth process, mixing a random behavior and a deterministic dynamic derived from the symmetries of the problem. This growth process gives an object with extended correlations. In this thesis, we focus on the study of the extremum of different kinds of interfaces. A first motivation is to refine the geometric properties of such objects, looking at their maximum. A second motivation is to explore the extreme value statistics of strongly correlated random variables. Using path integral techniques we analyse the probability distribution of the maximum of equilibrium interfaces, possessing short range elastic energy. We then extend this to elastic interfaces in random media, with essentially numerical simulations. Finally we study a particular type of out-of-equilibrium interface, in its growing regime. Such interface is equivalent to the directed polymer in random media, a paradigm of the statistical mechanics of disordered systems. This equivalence reinforces the interest in the extreme value statistics of the interface. We will show the exact results we obtained for a non-intersecting Brownian motion model, explaining precisely the link with the growing interface and the directed polymer.
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Joachim Rambeau. Statistiques d'extrêmes d'interfaces en croissance. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112161⟩. ⟨tel-00648731⟩

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