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Élaboration et étude des propriétés électriques des couches minces et des nanofils de ZnO

Abstract : Abstract Zinc oxide (ZnO) is direct wide band gap semiconductor (3.37 eV) with many interesting properties (piezoelectric, optical, catalytic, chemical …). A wide range of applications makes it one of the most studied materials in the past decade, particularly when elaborated as nanostructures. In this work, we focus on electrochemical synthesis of ZnO thin films, micro- and nano-pillars as well as nanowires. Two methods were used: the first, called “Template”, consists of growing ZnO into organized arrays of micro- and nanopores made by lithographic methods ; the second consists of the free growth of nanowires array. The morphological and optical characterizations of the obtained ZnO were carried out using scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman and UV spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL). Electrical properties of the electrodeposited ZnO (thin films and nanowire networks) were studied using I-V measurements at room temperature in metal/semiconductor/metal configuration, by the use of an array of metallic micro-electrodes deposited on the surface of ZnO. This allows determining qualitatively the electrical conductivity of ZnO and the different parameters of the Schottky junction between ZnO and the substrate (Au). This study is necessary for future applications based on ZnO nanowires array such as the solar cell and the piezoelectric nanogenerator
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Tayeb Brouri. Élaboration et étude des propriétés électriques des couches minces et des nanofils de ZnO. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PEST1068⟩. ⟨tel-00648173⟩

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