Origamis and permutation groups

Abstract : An origami is a covering of the torus T2, possibly ramified above the origin. This objectwas introduced by William P. Thurston and William A. Veech in 1970s. Un origami can beviewed as a finite collection of copies of the unitary square that are glued by translations.Thus, un origami is a particular case of a translation surface, that is, an element of the moduli space of Riemann surfaces equipped with a holomorphic 1-form.An n-square origami O corresponds to a pair of permutations (σ, τ ) Є 2 Sn X Sn defined up to conjugation. The group Mon(O) generated by such a pair is called the monodromy group of O. We say that an origami is primitive if its monodromy group is a primitive permutation group. There is a natural action of group GL2(Z) on the origamis, the stabilizer of O for this action is the Veech group denoted by GL(O). The monodromy group is aninvariant of the GL2(Z)-orbits.In the chapter 3 of the thesis, we show that the monodromy group of any primitive n-square origami in the stratum H(2k) is either An or Sn if n ≥ 3k + 2, and we find the exact bound when 2k + 1 is prime. The same proposition is true for the stratum H(1; 1) if n =/= 6.In the chapter 4, we consider the regular origamis, i.e. the origamis for which the number of squares equals the order of the monodromy group. We construct new families of origamis and investigate their strata and Veech groups. Also, we estimate the number of distinct GL2(Z)-orbits and strata of regular origamis with a given monodromy group. In order to find a lower bound for alternating origamis, we prove that each permutation in An which fixes few points is the commutator of a pair generating An. In the chapter 6, we study a subgroup property of PSL2(Z) that is related to the property to be the Veech group of an origami.
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David Zmiaikou. Origamis and permutation groups. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112133⟩. ⟨tel-00648120⟩

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