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Spectroscopie optique de l'oxyde de zinc

Abstract : We have studied the optical properties of Zinc Oxide (ZnO), a wide band gap semiconductor material. The main characterization technique used in this work is the photoluminescence spectroscopy, a non destructive technique which gives information about the electronic structure of the material. After presenting the properties of ZnO, its alloys, and reminding some basic principles relative to the luminescence in semiconductor materials, we will compare the optical properties of ZnO single-crystals from different growth methods: bulk material from different origins, epitaxial layers and nanowires. These comparisons and the effects of different treatments (annealing, passivation...) on the PL spectra unable us to emit hypothesis about the origin of the visible luminescence, which is a controversial subject in the literature. Secondly, we will present our contribution to the study of the p doping of ZnO, which is indispensable for device applications based on the p–n junction. We will take a look at the n type intrinsic doping problem before examining the p type doping. We investigate here p type doping through optical studies of implanted and annealed samples. We present here some variants of nitrogen implantation and the presence of donor acceptor pairs has been proven, leading to the optimization of the annealing conditions. Nature of the acceptors is discussed with the literature.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 1, 2011 - 5:58:45 PM
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Pascal Marotel. Spectroscopie optique de l'oxyde de zinc. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENY028⟩. ⟨tel-00647305⟩

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