Visualisation d'information : de la théorie sémiotique à des exemples pratiques basés sur la représentation de graphes et d'hypergraphes

Arnaud Sallaberry 1, 2
1 GRAVITE - Graph Visualization and Interactive Exploration
Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, École Nationale Supérieure d'Électronique, Informatique et Radiocommunications de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB), CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR
2 TATOO - Fouille de données environnementales
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
Abstract : Information visualization aims at designing visual representations of abstract data, furthermore relying on interaction as a mean to discover knowledge. The first part of this thesis challenges Information Visualization by drawing a parallel with semiotics, a 19th century research field focusing on systems of signs required for communication. We develop a point of view on Information Visualization based on the paradigms developed by semioticians during the 20th century. In particular, we show how the visualization validation model proposed by Tamara Munzner is related to the process used by semioticians for utterance analysis. The second part of the thesis focuses on graph visualization and describes two techniques and system prototypes targeting specific application domains. The first one is an interactive technique to visualize and navigate through Web search results. The second one is an algorithm for the visualization of dynamic hierarchies exploiting the analogy with "geographical maps". Finally, the third chapter is devoted to another model used to structure abstract data : hypergraphs. We propose theoretical results on hypergraph drawing and a preliminary technique to visualize hypergraphs.
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Arnaud Sallaberry. Visualisation d'information : de la théorie sémiotique à des exemples pratiques basés sur la représentation de graphes et d'hypergraphes. Interface homme-machine [cs.HC]. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00646397⟩

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