Abstract : Interactive visual interfaces exploit humans visual and cognitive skills, to assit the processing of large amounts of abstract data. The designer and evaluation of these interfaces, however, remain a complex process because they cover the entire chain of information processing, from raw data, up to images. Current interfaces Jack of flexibility and adaptability to new data, task or mining technique because they require new iteration of software development. In this thesis we are interested in improving the software design process by enabling a service-oriented approach to facilitate any redeployment, sharing and collaboration around visualizations. Our approach has been first to extensive study of the information visualization design space, visual interactions and visual exploration techniques. We then proposed an architecture design consisting of an application profile, a scene graph and of visualization web services. The implementation of four Interactive applications showed the operationalization of this architecture, in contexts as diverse -in terms of data and tasks- as movies data base, pictures, social networks and collection of literary texts exploration.