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Être vu, se voir, se donner à voir : les dires de soi en situation d'étiquetage par des "patients" de la psychiatrie dans une communication publique

Abstract : Just as action on the physical world implies acts of nomination, subjects in their social interactions rely on processes of categorization based on their earlier experiences. This labelling of others offers a framework for interpreting the relationship between subjects, and is coherent with the place and the role which subjects give themselves and the way in which they see their own action, as well as the place and rhe role that they assign to others. The practices of labelling are visible in the institutions, giving rise to many differing forms of social intervention (for example, Education, Formation, Social work and Health). This thesis, starting form the perceived facts of what social actors feel is "being caalogued", is centred on a filmed debate of "psychiatric patients". Negatively labelled people have the feeling of being categorised as membres of a stigmatized group, rather than as being seen as real individuals. How do people perceive such labelling ? How do they adapt to it ? How does such labelling effect the way in wich individuals/groups present themselves ? It is through a variety of setting that each of these actors express verbally and gestually the labels which impact on a given social interaction.Thus, appear strategies of self-ostension characterized by a more or less critical positioning with respect to carers, peers and group membership to which they relate. Recalling lived experience of labelling is determined by the presentation of oneself in situation of interaction and communication. This judgement of oneself, dependent on what people think of being the images and expectations of others, is accompanied by an expression by justifications, statements of truths, in which they would like to believe, to be accepted, and allowed among "normal people". This research task updates a process of experience linked to the representations of oneself and images given to others. In summary, the objective is: to see oneself and to be seen by others, linking lived experiences of labelling and its effects. Thus, in other situations apparently similar to those in the 'experiment', bringing into play or putting in danger one's self image, this representation of oneself and others will condition the subject, and influence their behaviours and competences. Subjects are not then the passive carriers of labels emitted by others, but active in the way in which they live out such labels. As a consequence, this thesis opens prospects for comprehension and action for further research, and for the social practices of the negatively "labelled" people.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 10, 2011 - 2:39:35 PM
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Martine Dutoit. Être vu, se voir, se donner à voir : les dires de soi en situation d'étiquetage par des "patients" de la psychiatrie dans une communication publique. Education. Cnam, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00639967⟩

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