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La femme et la satire : étude sur le corps féminin et les femmes dans la caricature de mœurs à Madrid (1864-1894)

Abstract : Moral caricature definitely appears in Madrid in Gil Blas. It first focuses on the question of woman, scrutinising bodily differences. Caricaturists denounce the deceptive appearances of the bourgeois female body and uncover the male discourse about the spending on garments. Thus they indirectly offer a discourse on the male condition, through criticising marriage. The body of lower-class women is affected by work, precariousness, vulnerability and loneliness –circumstances meaning that the danger of prostitution is ever present. Prostitution is also indicated by the ritualisation visible in the body of the cocotte. Moral caricature becomes both erotic and humorous while showing more and more streetwalkers, who embody the status of the commercial image of woman. The social dimension of the female body disappears. Seduction scenes in which the caricaturist unveils the hypocrite game of the commerce of flesh are replaced by images which seduce. The predominance of the cocotte ushers in new habits of consumption. Among the many diverse images of woman that circulate in the second half of the 19th century, massively diffused caricatures play a decisive role.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 2, 2011 - 10:28:00 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00639526, version 1

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Isabelle Mornat. La femme et la satire : étude sur le corps féminin et les femmes dans la caricature de mœurs à Madrid (1864-1894). Histoire. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011TOU20096⟩. ⟨tel-00639526⟩

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