L'étape marocaine des transmigrants subsahariens en route vers l'Europe : l'épreuve de la construction des réseaux et de leurs territoires

Abstract : Subsaharian transnational migrants going to Europe come from a variety of countries, have various motivations, may have experienced quite different situations. However, once away from home, they reorganize collectively in the stopping places which constitute steps in their long journey. In each of these stops and steps, they get to acknowledge their resemblance and to cooperate, thus progressively building up a common story, or “adventure”. Once across the Sahara, they stick to the Maghrebi societies by grafting their own circulations on those of the local populations. In Morocco, the populations who deal with the passing and the more or less durable settling of these newcomers are the ones living in socioeconomic relegation areas, such as the poorer suburbs of Rabat, Casablanca or Tangiers; these populations know what migration is about, as they are themselves the product of a continuous arrival of inland migrants. The neighborhoods we studied therefore are constituted of a superposition of varied forms of mobility and migration logics and strategies. I then describe the social life of these sub-Saharan transmigrants who, faced with the reinforcement of EU borders, manage – in spite of repression but at an exorbitant human cost – to organize their circulation along the roads of Africa in search of a better life. In the course of their travels they implant veritable migratory relays stations in the places where they stop. This thesis goes on to present a few socio-political repercussions that must – in this phase of globalization – flow from such transnational, anti-migrant policies currently redrawing the southern boundary of Europe and from the migratory movements trying to get around them.
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Theses
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Mehdi Alioua. L'étape marocaine des transmigrants subsahariens en route vers l'Europe : l'épreuve de la construction des réseaux et de leurs territoires. Science politique. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011TOU20037⟩. ⟨tel-00639285⟩

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