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Répartition spatiale, gestion et exploitation des eaux souterraines : cas du département de Katiola, région des savanes de Côte d'Ivoire

Abstract : The Katiola region, located in central Côte d'Ivoire, suffers climatic variations. This region has an area of 9,452 km². It is straddling two watersheds, the Bandama basin to the West, and the Comoé basin to the East. Despite the lack of water resources, this area is experiencing an intense mobilization and use of water: sugar stores in the localities of Tafiré, paddy fields and irrigated pastoral activities across the department. This work aims to locate potential sites for drilling wells using eostatistics and remote sensing. An understanding of the productivity of geologic formations by studying the records of boreholes and remote sensing can provide a better understanding of the aquifers in these formations. The objective of this study is also to establish benchmarks to serve as management tools, monitoring and even aid in decision making. The goal is also to make a maximum of successful drillings, and establish a link between these informations (spacing, length, connectivity) and groundwater movements. This study presents the potential of the DEM SRTM images. Their processing llowed us to make a fairly detailed mapping of the boundaries of catchments, drainage network, and establish the order of watercourses according to the Strahler classification. The calculation of the Topographic Index Humidity shows the correlation between topography, soil and soil quality. Despite the size of our study area, it was possible to find a correlation between the topographic indices, the distribution of fields and soil characteristics. These results enabled us improving soil classification and occupation from LANDSAT imagery. Using LANDSAT images, we also monitored the eutrophisation and isappearance of surficial water bodies in the department. We could follow the order of appearance of plants on the water, until the total disappearance of the watercourse
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Submitted on : Monday, November 7, 2011 - 10:12:25 AM
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Talnan Coulibaly. Répartition spatiale, gestion et exploitation des eaux souterraines : cas du département de Katiola, région des savanes de Côte d'Ivoire. Sciences de la Terre. Université Paris-Est, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PEST1034⟩. ⟨tel-00638690⟩



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