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Développement d'un dispositif expérimental pour l'analyse de la structure de flammes de prémélanges à haute pression par diagnostics laser : application aux flammes méthane/air et biogaz/air

Abstract : The optimisation of practical combustion devices requires a detailed knowledge of the combustion kinetic. However, most practical combustion systems operate at high pressure and it is known that pressure has an influence on combustion kinetics. In laboratory, the analysis of laminar flame structure is a powerful tool for studying combustion chemistry. However, most of studies have been realised at pressures under or equal to atmospheric pressure. During this thesis, an experimental device has been implemented for the study of the structure of high pressure counterflow flames. It allows the stabilisation and the study of CH4/air and CH4/CO2/air flame structure through laser diagnostics until 0.7 MPa. CH4/air and CH4/CO2/air flames have been studied for a various range of stoichiometry (equivalence ratios from 0.7 to 1.2) and pressures (0.1 MPa to 0.7 MPa). Experimental OH concentration profiles have been measured by Laser Induced Fluorescence and calibrated by laser absorption. To do this, absorption path length has been determined by Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF). Great care has been attached to the determination of the fluorescence signal by taking into account the line broadening and de-excitation by quenching which both arise at high pressure. Experimental data were compared with modeling results obtained through the OPPDIF calculation code with GRI-Mech3.0 and GDFKin®3.0 kinetic mechanisms. In parallel, a spectroscopic analysis of the CH4/air flames has been undertaken.
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Alexis Matynia. Développement d'un dispositif expérimental pour l'analyse de la structure de flammes de prémélanges à haute pression par diagnostics laser : application aux flammes méthane/air et biogaz/air. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ORLE2016⟩. ⟨tel-00637824⟩

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