Employment careers among youth. A longitudinal research on concrete employment practices, work dispositions and youth temporalities among youth in the northern suburbs of Buenos Aires, Argentina in a context of the differentiation of employment careers.

Abstract : Since the 1980s, several researchers have taken on the question of the differentiation of employment careers. This differentiation was first noticed in a historical context characterized by deep transformation in production and employment norms shifting towards a more flexible, unstable and precarious model that had a particular impact on youth. These changes in production were accompanied by the weakening of important socializing institutions -- the family and the school -- as well as the emergence of new forms of social and individual usage of time. This dissertation sets out to analyze the construction process of employment careers among youth who have finished high school. We seek to understand how youth in the northern suburbs of Buenos Aires, Argentina build their employment careers in a context of deep transformations. How are these careers influenced by the context they are inscribed in? What new theoretical elements can this case contribute to classical analyses of employment careers? The data was drawn from a two-year qualitative longitudinal study that followed 84 young women and men who graduated from differents types of educations of high school in 2006. This study presents a longitudinal perspective on concrete employment practices among youth, identifying five types of employment profiles within the panel. These profiles demonstrate that some differences in employment careers cannot be explained through the variables of social origin, educational background or the structure of the labor market. For instance, an analysis of "work dispositions" among the panel revealed the weight of certain symbolic factors and their relations to labor practices. Furthermore, other factors such as "youth temporalities" highlight the importance of considering elements that are found beyond the sphere of employment. Finally, it is the way that these factors are intertwined that is most interesting, since it offers us the possibility of establishing causality. The concept of "employment sequence" allows us to follow the way these factors become enmeshed and evolve in different temporalities. These sequences may be recurrent, typical. Thus, this study offers nine typical employment sequences among the youth in the panel. These patterns allow us to transcend individual histories in order to fashion plausible generalizations about the way youth build their employment careers. We are then able to identify heterogeneity, singularity and inequality in the processes of differentiation of employment careers among youth.
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Maria Eugenia Longo. Employment careers among youth. A longitudinal research on concrete employment practices, work dispositions and youth temporalities among youth in the northern suburbs of Buenos Aires, Argentina in a context of the differentiation of employment careers.. Humanities and Social Sciences. Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I; Universidad de Buenos Aires, 2011. Español. ⟨tel-00634577⟩

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