Ségrégation urbaine et mobilité quotidienne, une perspective internationale. Etudes de cas à Niamey, Puebla, Lyon et Montréal

Abstract : Both divisions and concentrations of population characterize contemporary metropolitan areas. Known as segregation processes, these dynamics are usually studied through the analysis of residential locations. Our thesis, however, proposes another lens to uncover urban change. It focuses on daily mobility that shape urban spaces and individual ways of life. This leads us to organize the reflexion from residential segregations to daily urban spaces segregation (from immobile to mobile segregation). Furthermore, we put the individual, and not the household, at the heart of segregative dynamics. Four contemporary metropolitan areas are considered, in a comparative framework. These examples were analyzed through the same specific methodology, based on transport households surveys data. The study highlights the economic understanding of proximity individual behaviors (immobility and local life) and of attraction areas accesses. Proximity, once a measure for sustainable urban policies, indeed becomes a reality for poor citizens. Spatial isolation nowadays relates to individual characteristics rather than residential locations. Some specificities are added further to these strong tendencies. Different social and spatial dynamics clearly appear in Southern and Northern cities and effects of urban forms inherited from History are asserted (especially in Niamey). Our work finally complete the usual perspective of urban segregation in several contrasted urban contexts.
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Theses
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00634505
Contributor : Emmanuel Ravalet <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 21, 2011 - 1:44:02 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 20, 2018 - 1:19:38 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00634505, version 1

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Emmanuel Ravalet. Ségrégation urbaine et mobilité quotidienne, une perspective internationale. Etudes de cas à Niamey, Puebla, Lyon et Montréal. Economies et finances. Université Lumière - Lyon II; Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique de Montréal, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00634505⟩

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