Étude numérique des circulations locales à la Réunion : application à la dispersion de polluants

Abstract : Reunion Island is an isolated mountainous island in Indian Ocean culminating in the center at 3000 m and in the southern part at 2600 m asl and is located in the influence of very regular south-easterly trade winds. The perturbation of the prevailing humid trade wind flow by the complex topography causes large spatial variations in local weather. The analysis of atmospheric circulations at local scale has been conducted with the aim of improving the understanding of small-scale transport and dispersion of pollutants emitted from local sources. This study has two applications:•It takes part in the perspective of the new atmospheric research station of Piton Maïdo, a summit at 2200 m above sea level on the west coast of the island, in the frame of the developing Atmospheric Physics Observatory of La Reunion (Observatoire de Physique de l’Atmosphère de la Réunion, OPAR as French acronym). The objective is to examine to what extent local orographic perturbations of the synoptic wind and local wind systems are responsible for vertical export of air pollutants originating from the island boundary layer, and could affect ground-based measurements at the future Piton Maïdo observatory devoted to the monitoring of background atmospheric composition (greenhouse gases and aerosols).•The second one aims to investigate the behavior of the volcanic plumes from the Piton de la Fournaise. During the April-May 2007 eruption, large amounts of volcanic gases, particles and ash were released into the atmosphere causing air-pollution at several inhabited locations. In this work, the three-dimensional, non-hydrostatic, limited-area numerical model, MESONH, was run in high resolution to simulate features of airflows over Reunion Island in idealized and real conditions. Various passive tracers have been released in the model in order to characterize dynamical processes in the lower atmospheric layers and the related transport of air-masses.
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Dorothée Lesouëf. Étude numérique des circulations locales à la Réunion : application à la dispersion de polluants. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de la Réunion, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LARE0008⟩. ⟨tel-00633096⟩

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