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Contribution a l'etude du message magnetique porte par la lithosphere oceanique : l'altération des mineaux magnétiques - les anomalies magnétiques de haute résolution

Abstract : So we, in a first part, studied the evolution of the magnetic signal through a section of a, complete and continuous, oceanic crust, from basalts to gabbros. In order to understand how the magnetic properties of rocks can tell us about the conditions of alteration in the oceanic lithosphere, we established a set of magnetic data (Curie temperature, hysteresis parameters, low temperature magnetic measurements) through the entire section of the oceanic crust, drilled at IODP Site 1256D, in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. These magnetic data are compared to alteration temperatures, determined by thermobarometry (Alt et al., 2010) and show a close relationship between the alteration of the magnetic phases and the alteration temperatures, including the identification of an interval of strong alteration of the titanomagnetites (between 670 and 1028 mbsf (meters below sea floor). In addition, semi quantitative chemical analysis and microscopic observations (optical, SEM and TEM), performed on titanomagnetites, show a change in crystalline structure and a loss of titanium element (Ti4 +) in titanomagnetites to form a secondary phase rich in titanium, in this same interval of strong alteration. In a second part, the acquisition of numerous sea-surface magnetic profiles and a high resolution magnetic profile ("deep tow") through the Cretaceous Normal Superchron (83-120 Ma), allowed us to test the stability of the geomagnetic polarity of the superchron and to highlight the presence of numerous magnetic anomalies: anomalies of short wavelength or "tiny-wiggles” through the entire period and magnetic anomalies of greater length wave, similar to short intervals of reverse polarity. Our measurements show that the behavior of the magnetic field during the superchron is no different from previous periods (chrons M0-M1-M2) and the following magnetic period (chrons 33n and 33R) and the definition of ‘superchron’, long geomagnetic event without inversions, must be questioned
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Eva Hoisé. Contribution a l'etude du message magnetique porte par la lithosphere oceanique : l'altération des mineaux magnétiques - les anomalies magnétiques de haute résolution. Sciences de la Terre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112142⟩. ⟨tel-00631766⟩

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