Conception et évaluation de performances d'un réseau de capteurs sans fil hétérogène pour une application domotique

Abstract : Today technological advances allow low-cost deployment of wireless heterogeneous sensors in specific environments such as those considered risky or not accessible. The aim of this thesis is to contribute to the application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) for health-care monitoring. Currently the integrated sensors must be specified and configured to make the monitored environment intelligent and secured. Our work focuses on the design of this network and the prototyping of the real devices that constitute it. Our contributions include three key components:The first part concerns the design of an ambient adapted network: we proposed a model based on a network architecture characterized by multiple tiers with heterogeneous nodes distributed: sensing, processing and data storage. This architecture offers more advantages than classical single tier architecture in terms of scalability, low cost, coverage, functionality and reliability. We have defined the appropriate behavior for each node in this network model and we showed the advantages of our solution through simulation.The second part deals with the proposition of an energy efficient medium access protocol named "T-TMAC": the protocol is adapted to the application requirements. It permits to organize the data exchange in the chosen network architecture. The originality of this protocol is that it includes efficient maintenance mechanisms that allow managing mobility and network reconfiguration (addition of a sensor, removing a sensor). In this way an adaptation and a parameterization of the IEEE 802.15.4 Standard are proposed.The final part of this work presents the performance evaluation and analysis of the proposed MAC protocol in use cases. We studied the impact of packets size and dissemination interval parameters on energy and delay. The protocol is validated by an analytical model. We proposed a reel evaluation by prototyping. A comparison of results obtained from the different approaches is finally presented.
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Youssouf Zatout. Conception et évaluation de performances d'un réseau de capteurs sans fil hétérogène pour une application domotique. Autre. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011TOU20036⟩. ⟨tel-00631467v2⟩

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