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Étude des directions d'arrivée du rayonnement dans une chambre réverbérante

Abstract : This work deals with the study of electromagnetic environment in a mechanical stirred reverberation chamber. The reverberation chamber is a fundamental tool to perform measurements of electromagnetic compatibility. Its study is generally focused on the statistical properties of the stationary field power. However, other studies based on field decomposition on plane waves have been made to describe this environment. High resolution spectral methods are powerful tools to estimate the directions of arrival of plane waves. These parametric methods require a priori the knowledge of the number of plane waves to separate. A complete method based on MDL (Minimum Description Length) criterion and MUSIC algorithm (MUltiple SIgnal Classification) is developed for plane waves number, directions of arrival (DOA), amplitudes and phases estimation. To adapt the plane waves estimator to the environment of the reverberation chamber, which is a highly correlated medium, spatial smoothing technique is used for wavefronts decorrelation. The reverberation chamber is simulated by the FDTD (Finite Difference Time Domain) numerical method to obtain the electric field cartographies. They are then used to study the stirrer rotation effect on plane wave directions of arrival and their respective powers. This work concludes with a statistical study on the plane wave DOA and amplitudes
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Kamel Nafkha. Étude des directions d'arrivée du rayonnement dans une chambre réverbérante. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PEST1039⟩. ⟨tel-00628411⟩

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