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Prediction of properties and optimal design of microstructure of multi-phase and multi-layer C/SiC composites

Abstract : Carbon fiber-reinforced silicon carbide matrix (C/SiC) composite is a ceramic matrixcomposite (CMC) that has considerable promise for use in high-temperature structuralapplications. In this thesis, systematic numerical studies including the prediction of elasticand thermal properties, analysis and optimization of stresses and simulation ofhigh-temperature oxidations are presented for the investigation of C/SiC composites.A strain energy method is firstly proposed for the prediction of the effective elastic constantsand coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) of 3D orthotropic composite materials. Thismethod derives the effective elastic tensors and CTEs by analyzing the relationship betweenthe strain energy of the microstructure and that of the homogenized equivalent model underspecific thermo-elastic boundary conditions. Different kinds of composites are tested tovalidate the model.Geometrical configurations of the representative volume cell (RVC) of 2-D woven and 3-Dbraided C/SiC composites are analyzed in details. The finite element models of 2-D wovenand 3-D braided C/SiC composites are then established and combined with the stain energymethod to evaluate the effective elastic constants and CTEs of these composites. Numericalresults obtained by the proposed model are then compared with the results measuredexperimentally.A global/local analysis strategy is developed for the determination of the detailed stresses inthe 2-D woven C/SiC composite structures. On the basis of the finite element analysis, theprocedure is carried out sequentially from the homogenized composite structure of themacro-scale (global model) to the parameterized detailed fiber tow model of the micro-scale(local model). The bridge between two scales is realized by mapping the global analysisresult as the boundary conditions of the local tow model. The stress results by global/localmethod are finally compared to those by conventional finite element analyses.Optimal design for minimizing thermal residual stress (TRS) in 1-D unidirectional C/SiCcomposites is studied. The finite element models of RVC of 1-D unidirectional C/SiCIIcomposites with multi-layer interfaces are generated and finite element analysis is realized todetermine the TRS distributions. An optimization scheme which combines a modifiedParticle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm and the finite element analysis is used toreduce the TRS in the C/SiC composites by controlling the multi-layer interfaces thicknesses.A numerical model is finally developed to study the microstructure oxidation process and thedegradation of elastic properties of 2-D woven C/SiC composites exposed to air oxidizingenvironments at intermediate temperature (T<900°C). The oxidized RVC microstructure ismodeled based on the oxidation kinetics analysis. The strain energy method is then combinedwith the finite element model of oxidized RVC to predict the elastic properties of composites.The environmental parameters, i.e., temperature and pressure are studied to show theirinfluences upon the oxidation behavior of C/SiC composites.
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Yingjie Xu. Prediction of properties and optimal design of microstructure of multi-phase and multi-layer C/SiC composites. Other. Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbeliard; Northwestern Polytechnical University (Chine), 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011BELF0158⟩. ⟨tel-00625953⟩

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