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Répertoire B auto-réactif T-dépendant et t-indépendant dans la Polyendocrinopathie Auto-immune de type 1

Abstract : Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is caused by mutations in the AIRE gene thatinduce central tolerance breakdown which results in tissue-specific autoimmune diseases. Ourobjective was to evaluate the effect of a well-defined T cell repertoire impairment on humoralsystemic self-reactive footprints. Clinical and immunological data were collected, and pathologicalmutations in the AIRE gene were identified by DNA sequencing. Comparative serum self-IgG andself-IgM reactivities, directed towards pancreatic and adrenal protein extracts, of APS1 patients,patients suffering from other autoimmune endocrinopathies and healthy subjects, were tested using Western blotting. Discriminant protein bands were selected using the Chi-square test and molecularcharacterization of these bands was conducted using a proteomic approach. Nineteen patients wereidentified with APS1. Clinical manifestations varied greatly, showing 1 to 10 components. Fourdifferent AIRE gene mutations were identified, and the 13-bp deletion in exon 8 (c.967-979del13) wasthe most prevalent. A singular distortion of seric self-IgG and self-IgM repertoires was noted in APS1patients. IgG and IgM antibodies recognized significantly one tissue-specific (pancreatictriacylglycerol lipase) and one ubiquitous antigens (peroxiredoxin-2). IgM recognized one tissuespecific (Pancreatic regenerating protein 1!) and one ubiquitous antigen (Heat Shock cognate 71kDaProtein). IgG also recognized one tissue-specific (pancreatic amylase) and one ubiquitous antigen(aldose reductase). As expected, a well-defined self-reactive T cell repertoire impairment affected thetissue-specific self-IgG repertoire but also self-IgM repertoire. Our study also reveals discriminant responses against ubiquitous antigens with IgG and IgM antibodies. Some common discriminantantigenic targets were found for IgG and IgM. All these data suggest that T cell-dependent but also T cell-independent mechanisms are involved in APS1. The potent involvement of complementary events related to potent dysfunction in the innate immune response is discussed.
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Emmanuelle Proust-Lemoine. Répertoire B auto-réactif T-dépendant et t-indépendant dans la Polyendocrinopathie Auto-immune de type 1. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LIL2S051⟩. ⟨tel-00625477⟩

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