Inter-domain routing

Abstract : Internet is the hugest network the humanity has ever known. It provides a large number of various services to more than two billion users. This complex and growing topology lacks stability, which we can notice when a voice call is dropped, when a web page needs to be refreshed, etc. The initiator of this instability is the frequent events around the Internet. This motivates us to unleash a profound study to tackle Internet stability and suggest solutions to overcome this concern. Internet is divided into two obvious levels: AS (Autonomous System) level and router level. This distinction is reflected on the routing protocols that control the Internet traffic through two protocol types: exterior (inter-AS) and interior (intra-AS). The unique used exterior routing protocol is the external mode of BGP (External Border Gateway Protocol), while there are several used internal routing protocols. Therefore, stabilizing the Internet is correlated to the routing protocol stability, which directs such efforts to the investigation of routing protocol (BGP) behavior. Studying BGP behaviors results in that its external mode (eBGP) suffers from long convergence time which is behind the slow response to topology events and, in turn, the traffic loss. Those studies state also that BGP internal mode (iBGP) suffers from several types of routing anomalies that causes its divergence.Therefore, we propose enhancements for both BGP modes: eBGP and iBGP and try to meet the following objectives: Scalability, safety, robustness, correctness, and backward compatibility with current version of BGP. Our eBGP proposal eliminates the transient disconnectivity caused by slow convergence by suggesting a backup strategy to be used upon the occurrence of a failure. IBGP proposal (skeleton) gives an alternative to the existing internal configurations, that we prove its freeness of anomalies. Validation methods are essential to prove that the suggested enhancements satisfy the attended objectives. Since we are tackling an interdomain subject, then it is not possible to do validation in the real Internet. We suggested several validation methods to show that our enhancements meet the above objectives. We used simulation environment to implement eBGP backup solution and observe the convergence time and the continuous connectivity. We relied on two tools: brite and rocketfuel to provide us with inter and intra AS topologies respectively. And to prove the safety of our approaches we employed an algebraic framework and made use of its results.
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Computer Science [cs]. Institut National des Télécommunications, 2011. English. <NNT : 2011TELE0006>


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Bakr Sarakbi. Inter-domain routing. Computer Science [cs]. Institut National des Télécommunications, 2011. English. <NNT : 2011TELE0006>. <tel-00625316>

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