Encadrer des "citoyens diminués". La police des Algériens en région parisienne (1944-1962)

Abstract : This thesis studies the practices of police departments such as the Renseignements généraux (political security), Police judiciaire (detective division) and urban security branches towards Muslim French migrants from Algeria in the Paris region between 1944 and 1962. This police control of Algerians is analysed as an illustration of how the 'colonial situation' manifested itself in Metropolitan France. The range of police intervention is studied in relation to the history of policing in mainland France and measures targeting other groups of 'diminished citizens' such as vagrants, prostitutes and homosexuals. The range of sources examined, such as the archives of the Paris Police Prefecture and the national policing agency Sûreté nationale, policing manuals, trades union publications, and interviews undertaken with retired police officers, aims to explain everyday policing methods and an 'institutional culture' as seen through the shared socialisation, representations and practices of police officers. The competition between, and complementary nature of different ranks, types of service and police departments is studied in order to account for the highly varied nature of forms of policing during this period. Particular attention is given to gender relations and tensions between police officers (an exclusively male professional group acting to uphold sexual social relations) and Algerian migrants, most of whom were in France without their partner(s). The choice of time frame and the focus on everyday forms of policing routine and practice helps us understand 'abnormal' events such as the massacre of 17th October 1961. This massacre is studied within the context of the history of police measures such as round-ups and administrative internment, the sociology of relations between different police administrations and the political authorities, and via an analysis of imperial reconfigurations underway during the processes of decolonization.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 16, 2011 - 4:34:48 PM
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Emmanuel Blanchard. Encadrer des "citoyens diminués". La police des Algériens en région parisienne (1944-1962). Histoire. Université de Bourgogne, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00624302⟩

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