Morphodynamique de réseaux viaires - Application au risque

Abstract : In this thesis, we deal with risk prevention and crisis management requiring evacuation. Road network structure and mobility process are studied by using swarmintelligencemethods. Risk prevention is treated by analyzing the vulnerability of the network represented by a multigraph, at different scale levels thanks to betweenness centrality and hierarchical clustering methods. Crisis management during an evacuation is also treated. A microscopic traffic model is developed and a micro-evacuation simulator is proposed to organize an evacuation, beginning from crisis occurrence until vehicles evacuation, taking into account dangerous areas enclosing and itineraries choice strategies to evacuate those areas. Our model is adaptive, it takes into consideration multigraph structure and its elements vulnerability at different scale levels, and unexpected events during an evacuation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 14, 2011 - 9:29:53 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 5, 2019 - 11:44:21 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00623691, version 1

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Michel Nabaa. Morphodynamique de réseaux viaires - Application au risque. Informatique [cs]. Université du Havre, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00623691⟩

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