Morphosyntaxe et sémantique du "présent " : une étude contrastive à partir de corpus oraux : arabe marocain, berbère tamazight et français (ESLO/LCO)

Abstract : The manifold use of “the present” in French has aroused our interest and pushed us to explore this question in other languages; namely, Moroccan Arabic and Tamazight Berber. We wonder about the existence and the expression of this phenomenon in these two languages whose verbal systems rely on an opposition which is purely aspectual. We have found that the notion of the current present is not merely expressed, in either studied languages by a single verbal form; instead, by many verbal forms. We have wondered about the parameters which interfere in the choice of this or that form as well as we have displayed that in Berber Tamazight and in Moroccan Arabic the form of “the present” depends on the type of the process and the selected phase (of the process) at once. Apparently, the uses of the verbal forms which participate to the expression of “the present” are alike in the three languages under study. However, the indicative present in French seems polysemous, inasmuch as it expresses the ”present” with the four forms of the process. Here, Moroccan Arabic and Berber Tamazight have recourse to their basic verbal forms to express this notion. In this study, we have worked on the authentic oral data which allowed us not only to observe the different uses of the ”present” form which are in a direct relation with the moment of the speech, but to determine the parameters which make this uttered form itself in the current able to refer to the non-current. We would like at the same time, during this study, to depict the image of Moroccan Arabic and spoken Berber Tamazight currently in a city in the Central France, Orleans. Since the signature of the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages in 1999, these two languages have appeared among “non territorial France languages”.
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Samira Moukrim Fsahy. Morphosyntaxe et sémantique du "présent " : une étude contrastive à partir de corpus oraux : arabe marocain, berbère tamazight et français (ESLO/LCO). Linguistique. Université d'Orléans, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ORLE1111⟩. ⟨tel-00623517⟩

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