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Etude, caractérisation et amélioration d'un actionneur plasma : application au contrôle de la transition d'une couche limite de Blasius

Abstract : Active flow control is a route currently being considered to improve aerodynamic performances of vehicles (airplanes or cars). Drag reduction (force opposite to motion) is particularly concerned and provides reduction of energy consumption of vehicles what induces low exhaust gases emissions. Plasma actuators are used as control devices since a decade. In Orléans, they are based on the use of surface dielectric barrier discharge which creates plasma on its surface and induces a flow of few km h-1 : the ionic wind. The plasma actuator is characterized with the study of different discharge regimes. One in which sparks occur is analyzed. The actuator surface temperature is also studied in function of several parameters. Surface temperature remains below 100 °C what confirms effects of plasma actuators on the flow are only due to the ionic wind. Characterization of ionic wind has also confirmed the link between induced flow and plasma spread over actuator surface : two distinct phases exist where a flow is every time induced. Transition control of a Blasius boundary layer is performed on flat plate geometry. Depending on plasma actuator position or power consumption, promotion, delay or neutral case are obtained on transition location. The mechanism of action is identified and linked to an excitation of the flow that becomes more or less sensitive to Tollmien-Schlichting waves. The operating frequency also appears as the main parameter for this type of control. New actuator geometry is proposed and characterized. The discharge keeps identical properties to a classical configuration of plasma actuator. Ionic wind measurements by means of a 3D device allow us to show the gain in speed and presence of 3D structures in the induced flow topology what is more effectively to control external flows.
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Romain Joussot. Etude, caractérisation et amélioration d'un actionneur plasma : application au contrôle de la transition d'une couche limite de Blasius. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ORLE2076⟩. ⟨tel-00623105⟩

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