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Gouverner sans choisir : entre contrainte morale et réalisme politique : l'engagement français dans le processus d'interdiction des armes à sousmunitions (2003-2008)

Abstract : In posing the question of the influence of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on the French government’s decision to adopt the treaty banning cluster munitions, in Oslo in December 2008, this thesis offers the occasion to revisit a number of studies in International Relations on the factors behind transnational mobilizations’ success in creating and adopting international norms. While theorists of international relations work almost exclusively with such conditions at the international level, between ONGs and states, this study proposes, on the contrary, to shift the focus to the French political decision-making process. It seeks the reasons for “successful” transnational mobilization not in their proper characteristics, but rather in the political and institutional logic shaping national political decisions. This thesis describes a process of decision-making imposed, in part, on the public authorities by a transnational mobilization and it shows how the realm of choices narrowed to the point where the public authorities were forced to adopt a disarmament treaty that they would have overwhelmingly preferred to avoid. However, this thesis also reveals how the state nonetheless retained its capacity to govern and to subtly recover its power. It is this tension that provides the expression to govern without choosing.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 9, 2011 - 12:07:59 PM
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Hélène Dufournet. Gouverner sans choisir : entre contrainte morale et réalisme politique : l'engagement français dans le processus d'interdiction des armes à sousmunitions (2003-2008). Sociologie. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011DENS0018⟩. ⟨tel-00621041⟩

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