Identification des leptons tau et recherche du boson de Higgs dans l'état final mu+tau dans l'expérience D0 auprès du Tevatron

Abstract : The gauge symmetry is the heart of our understanding of the electroweak interaction and describes all the current experimental results. However, the intrinsic incompatibility between the gauge invariance and the mass of particles leads to the introduction of a new particle, the Higgs boson, for which we have no experimental evidence as of today. This thesis describes the Higgs boson search in the mu+tau final state in 7.3/fb of protons-antiprotons collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV collected by the D0 detector at the Tevatron. This analysis completes the golden channels (dimuons, electron-muon, dielectrons) exploiting the decay chain H-> WW ->lvlv, which is the main Higgs boson decay mode in the mass window accessible to the Tevatron. Since the final state includes a tau lepton, work was done to improve their identification among jets. An increase of 15% was achieved thanks to the the following : changing tuning parameters for the tau identification neural network, use of the kinematical dependence of the algorithm performances, incorporation of the tau lepton life time information and full study of the additionnal information coming from the central preshower measurements. Then, since the dominant background of the mu+tau Higgs boson search is W+jets (where one jet fakes a tau), a method was developed to obtain good modeling of this background, not provided by the default simulation. This method is based, among other things, on the charge correlation between the muon and the tau candidate which allows for calibration of this background in the data excluding the signal region. Finally, all the kinematic and/or topological differences between the signal and the background were exploited to optimize this search, reaching an (observed) expected sensitivity of 7.8 (6.6) times the Standard Model for mH = 165 GeV/c2. In addition, this result was also interpreted in a fourth fermion generation scenario. For the first time, this analysis is included in the D0 and Tevatron combinations, both presented at Moriond EW and EPS 2011.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 1, 2011 - 6:13:14 PM
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Romain Madar. Identification des leptons tau et recherche du boson de Higgs dans l'état final mu+tau dans l'expérience D0 auprès du Tevatron. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112153⟩. ⟨tel-00620824v2⟩

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