Films polymères minces à base de méthacrylate de glycidyle pour l'élaboration d'interfaces immunoréceptrices : étude par résonance de plasmon de surface

Abstract : It is now well accepted that polymeric spacers permit to attach proteins to surfaces efficiently as they carry several binding sites. Moreover, direct attachment of proteins to surfaces might result in the decrease of bioactivity which is critical in the case of the development of biosensors. In this context, we modified gold substrates by polymer grafts via the so-called (i) grafting onto and (ii) grafting from strategies. In (i) preformed polymer chains were attached to the surface, whilst in (ii) surface-confined photopolymerization was performed on either acrylic monomer- or initiator-functionalized gold substrates. The polymer grafts were further biofunctionalized by covalent immobilization of an active protein (bovine serum albumin, BSA). Given the protein-polymer and polymer-gold covalent bonds, the gold/polymer/BSA hybrids permitted to design robust optical biosensors. The modified gold substrates were characterized in terms of chemical composition (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), hydrophobicity (contact angle measurements), and polymer coating thickness (surface plasmon resonance, SPR). SPR was also used to monitor in real time the interaction between the grafted antigen to the specific antibody (aBSA). Using unique reactive monomer, glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) in the present case, the implementation of these three methods is assumed to provide polymer films of similar chemical composition but varied interfacial chains conformation. In this respect, influence of polymer chains mobility on the performance of the immunosensing reaction was evaluated. In a further step, hydrophobic/hydrophilic balance of the polymer films was modulated through copolymerization of GMA with acrylamide, and with glycerol methacrylate. It was demonstrated that control over the surface chemical composition of the polymer grafts allows preparing bioinert films, i.e. resistant to non specific adsorption, with enhanced biospecific activity
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Chemical Sciences. Université Paris-Est, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010PEST1057>


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Dior Diop. Films polymères minces à base de méthacrylate de glycidyle pour l'élaboration d'interfaces immunoréceptrices : étude par résonance de plasmon de surface. Chemical Sciences. Université Paris-Est, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010PEST1057>. <tel-00610387v2>

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