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La politique de rénovation urbaine des gouvernements New Labour après 1997: l'exemple du Borough d'Islington à Londres.

Abstract : Urban policy has always aimed at improving the welfare of city residents. In England, as soon as the 17th century, the State has intervened in order to relieve the most destitute residents from their poor living conditions, mainly through programs on hygiene and housing. Then, as the city grew, so did the disorder engendered by its overpopulation especially in the poorest parts of inner-cities. London was the place where the problems were the most striking and the needs for solutions the most urgent. Thus, in order to allow a more effective treatment of urban disorders, the governance of the British capital has been reformed. That was the first business the Labour Party dealt with when they came to power in 1997. At the same time, they gave a new boost to urban policy, favouring social and environmental aspects while relying on the communities‟ involvement. And the adoption of the so-called Third Way policy was a major step as it did not reject the private sector any longer but on the contrary accepted it as a privileged partner. The distinctive feature of Islington, one of the smallest London boroughs, is to be bordered by one of the most prosperous areas in the world: the City of London. Yet, it displays social characteristics that are very common to the poorest zones in the country. The programs that have been launched to regenerate it have taken this particularity into account. The analysis of these schemes allows us to review the urban policy as the Labour Party has wanted it from 1997 until 2010, to try and take stock of the situation and to underline the challenges cities will have to face.
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Thierry Vallejos. La politique de rénovation urbaine des gouvernements New Labour après 1997: l'exemple du Borough d'Islington à Londres.. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université du Sud Toulon Var, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00609573⟩

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